According to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, a Traumatic Brain Injury is a form of acquired brain injury occurring when a sudden trauma causes damage to the brain. Cite/ Link: www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/tbi/tbi/htm Brain injury can occur whether the person whose head has been struck remains conscious or not. A TBI can be caused by a bump, blow or jolt to the head. Not all such events cause a TBI. Most, in fact, do not. As we discover more about the brain, however, we have consistently learned that the threshold for causing a serious brain injury is less than previously believed.
Symptoms of more mild TBI’s include:
Symptoms of a more serious brain injury can include the above but also:
Whether the symptoms are those that initially indicate a mild or a serious brain injury, the injured person should seek out medical treatment immediately.
In rare cases, a dangerous blood clot may form on the brain in a person with a concussion and this isa very serious condition that can result in death if not properly treated. The signs of having a “Brain bleed” include:
If any of these signs are present it is prudent to proceed immediately to the emergency room.
Additional concerning symptoms that should result in the immediate obtaining of emergency medical care include:
Children should be taken to the emergency room if they have suffered a blow or jolt to the head and they have any of the signs discussed above, but, also, because they have limitations on their ability to self-report symptoms, greater concern should be shown if they are crying continuously and not able to be consoled or they show other signs of feeling badly such as not wanting to ear / nurse.
Data for this section of the site was obtained from the CDC : Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Traumatic Brain Injury in the United States: Fact Sheet (internet). CDC.gov. Atlanta (GA): CDC; (updated 2015 Jan 12). Available from: www.cdc.gov/traumatic brain injury/get the facts.html
Most concussions resolve well and fairly quickly with few on-going symptoms. If symptoms do not abate, however, then medical intervention is important.
Medical professionals agree on some general guidelines for patients suffering from symptoms as discussed above and concerned about whether they have incurred a TBI:
Data for this section of the site was obtained from the CDC : Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Traumatic Brain Injury in the United States: Fact Sheet (internet). CDC.gov. Atlanta (GA): CDC; (updated 2015 Jan 12). Available from:www.cdc.gov/traumatic brain injury/get the facts.html
Getting back into life after a TBI can be difficult and the patient should consider asking for accommodations that will help them with this segue. Returning to work or school may need to be accompanied by more rest breaks, shorter work days, more time to complete certain tasks, help from others to both insure that tasks are done properly and to allow for more time to focus and concentrate with less pressure. If you are concerned about obtaining accommodations, you should discuss this with your doctor. Schools and employers are generally respectful or what a physician indicates is needed in order for the patient to re-integrate into the education or profession.
In sports, the threshold is going to be higher for returning a student athlete to the field because of the danger of underestimating the degree of injury in the short time frame provided during a game and the danger of a subsequent injurious event. All 50 states now have laws implementing standards surround returning to play that schools and leagues must follow in order to keep children safe while participating in sports.
Wiener & Lambka, PS takes special pride in representing those persons who are least able to do so for themselves and we take great care with our cases involving traumatic brain injury and any case involving an injury to a child.
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